magpie73 (magpie73) wrote,

Homo Suadens: a new paradigm bio-psycho-social for the social sciences

Homo Suadens: a new paradigm bio-psycho-social for the social sciences
The fundamental thesis of the brothers Castro Nogueira, the origin of the Homo suadens, part of that “social learning is characteristic of our hominid ancestors was rather similar to that of chimpanzees, based on mecanimsos of social learning indirect and capabilities of imitation, rudimentary. Its transformation into a system of cultural transmission, similar to the human required the development of the ability to approve or disapprove the conduct that they learn the children”. Next to the imitation, the inclusion of this capability produced a qualitative leap in the system of cultural transmission. Hominids in both capacities, that the Castro brothers Nogueira called individual assesor –Homo suadens (from the Latin suadeo: to evaluate, approve, advise)– produced a system of cultural transmission more efficient and adaptive, so that it is put into practice a new process of transfer of information on the value, positive or negative, of the learned behavior, absent in non-human primates.
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The Role of Assessor Teaching in Human Culture
Laureano Castro
· Miguel Ángel Castro-Nogueira
· Morris Villarroel
· Miguel Ángel Toro
Received: 4 May 2018 / Accepted: 3 December 2018 © Konrad Lorenz Institute for Evolution and Cognition Research 2019
According to the dual inheritance theory, cultural learning in our species is a biased and highly efficient process of transmit-ting cultural traits. Here we define a model of cultural learning where social learning is integrated as a complementary ele-ment that facilitates the discovery of a specific behavior by an apprentice, and not as a mechanism that works in opposition to individual learning. In that context, we propose that the emergence of the ability to approve or disapprove of offspring behavior, orienting their learning (a process we call assessor teaching), transformed primate social learning into a cultural transmission system, like that which characterizes our species. Assessor teaching facilitates the replication and/or reconstruc-tion of behaviors that are difficult to imitate and helps to determine which behaviors should be imitated. We also explore the form in which assessor teaching has conditioned the evolution of our abilities to develop cultures in the hominin line, converting us into individuals equipped with what we call a
psychology. Our main point is to defend the hypothesis that suadens psychology determines the stability and dynamics that affect the trajectories of many cultural characters. We compare our proposal with other theories about cultural evolution, specifically with dual inheritance theory and cultural attraction theory.
Cultural evolution · Cultural learning · Cumulative culture · Suadens psychology
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